Scrapping Photocopiers

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  • Scrapping Photocopiers

    Photocopiers are probably the worst thing to scrap, big heavy dirty and loaded with plastic, the more you get into them the more rubbish you create.
    So these are one item that I either refuse to pick up or will charge a minimum of $80 to do so.
    There's companies charging up to $300 to take them away and whilst that might be a little high I can see why.

  • #2
    Yes agree, not only the toner but parts have grease as well and of cause if you do completely scrap them it spreads everywhere and also everything sticks to it aaaaargh good vid and some nice parts as well


    • #3
      When scrapping photocopiers the most efficient way is to remove
      steppers and driver board in the ADF
      steppers in the carriage assy
      logic boards main body
      motors in main body
      power supply
      Laser unit

      all easy accessible cables

      replace plastic panels

      Junk the rest as pressing

      DO NOT muck around with the toner area as the toner is carcinogenic and the OLD machines have selenium in the drum unit

      I can do this in 45 minutes as I get heaps of copiers

      With the finisher's just grab the motors and boards about 10 minutes work

      Hope this helps


      • #4
        I just chuck them in the light gauge bin. Not my cup of tea. I'd hate to repair them for a living.


        • #5
          Before you chuck them, locate the power supply area, just follow the power cable, usually at the bottom of the copier on the flat panel side.

          Normally they have their own plastic panel, usually no more than 4 screws, then 6-8 screws on the metal cover, then 6 screws on the circuit board.

          These usually weigh in at over 6kg each of low grade board for about 2 minutes work.

          If you depopulate the transformers, another 3 minutes, you get about 5kg+.

          Your call!


          • #6
            The touch pad has a silver mylar or two. There is also several micro switches that contain silver. The rollers are coated with a material that is very toxic when heated so do not burn anything that comes from a copier. Most modern appliances have switches. A washing machine has 5-6 switches. A microwave has a few. Driers, toasters, refrigerators, blenders and anything else that has an automatic on or off.


            • #7
              I picked up 3 on friday, I brought them back and took out the main board with h/d which just slides out, took the cords, filled the van with other scrap steel and took them straight to the scrap yard.
              That way I didn't have to unload & load again, was the best decision I made and will continue to do that, I charge $50 per unit to take them away now so my money has been made.

              The keypad mylar is very small and usually green which I believe are harder to process, or at least different to regular keyboard mylar but either way it's way too small to bother with, keyboards are very common for me, I get a lot of mylar as it is but I can't see me ever processing them as silver is still too cheap, if it ever went over $100 oz i'd do it, so i'm just piling it up in hope.

              Same with small switches, if they are in front of me I will pull them but I don't go looking for them, I was shown an industrial circuit breaker the other day with 20 silver contacts per unit, the contacts were about an inch long, 2-3g each and pure silver, that's the kind of silver I would chase.


              • #8
                Breakers have about 40% silver contacts. Starter switches for motors or lights have points that are about the same as coin silver or around .925 sterling.


                • #9
                  yeah these were huge, like 3 lb each, the guy brought one over to show me on his way back from his buyer, he simply melted them down into a bar and turned out to be pure silver.
                  maybe they were called something else but definitely solid silver pieces, I will try get one to show you.


                  • #10
                    Am I wrong in think that Silver contacts have Cadmium in them?


                    • Geo
                      Geo commented
                      Editing a comment
                      It depends. Normally, the smaller the point is, the less cadmium it will have, Larger points like motor starters have cadmium in the solder. One way to visually stay away from it when you are sweating the points off is to watch for the white streamers. It looks like tin burning and will make a white smoke that turns solid and settles like white soot. If you see it, it means you are heating the points too hot. I heat them slowly so the cadmium is not oxidized. When dissolving the points, the cadmium will go into solution and will not cement out on copper. In this way, you can separate the silver from the cadmium. After recovering the silver, the solution can be recycled for the nitric acid and the solids treated as waste, or the solution can be neutralized and then treated for waste. After neutralizing, the byproducts will be oxides and hydroxides of the metal salts that was in solution. These solids are still dangerous and should be disposed of properly. Smaller points can be trimmed off the end and the ends are dissolved in nitric acid. The silver is recovered by cementing on copper. The same applies with the waste from this process. The cadmium is most dangerous as an airborne pollutant and inhaled. I wouldn't recommend drinking any either. Try not to oxidize the cadmium when sweating off the points. The white soot settles on everything like black soot from burning acetylene from a torch without the O2. It gets on your clothes and on your skin. It is dealt with safely. Practice good work habits and good hygiene. Wear PPE's that apply (especially a respirator) and shower as soon as you are done working with it. Wash all work clothes daily without mixing in any other laundry. keep your work area clean by sweeping and keeping dust to a minimum.

                    • ScottyBoyBlue
                      ScottyBoyBlue commented
                      Editing a comment
                      Thanks Geo.

                      Not sure I will go down that line. Will probably just throw them in with some other scrap at the yard.